If you have been trying to get pregnant for at least six months, now is a good time to talk to your doctor about fertility treatment that might suit you.
There are many ways to increase your chances of conception, including using capsules. Many couples believe that fertility specialists only perform IVF, although there are less intrusive, more affordable choices.
The field of fertility covers a wide range of topics, such as fertility preservation, genetic embryo testing to eliminate diseases, and family-creating alternatives for same-sex couples or individuals wishing to start a family on their own.
With Hull & East Riding Fertility treatment plans you can easily access all kinds of treatment plans and choose one that suits your budget and lifestyle.
Their focus is especially on circumstances when the patient has female reproductive organs and a sperm-providing partner but is unable to become pregnant through sex.
There are four basic methods of fertility treatments available:
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
If your fallopian tubes are not blocked and the results of your partner’s sperm testing are normal, you may still need oral fertility medication.
These come in the form of tiny, inexpensive capsules that are taken once daily for around five days during your menstrual cycle.
Each of these medications has a different mechanism of action, but eventually, they send signals to the brain to release additional hormones that stimulate the ovary.
Typical fertility drugs include:
- Dopamine agonists and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone.
Talk to your doctor for information on medications. For women with unexplained infertility, ovulation-stimulating medication is not advised because there is no evidence that it improves the likelihood of conception.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
The next step is intrauterine insemination, or IUI, which involves injecting sperm directly into the uterus if oral fertility medicines don’t work for you.
By bringing the sperm and egg closer together, IUI increases the likelihood that at least the two will come into contact.
Fresh sperm, which was obtained the same day of the surgery and washed, is put into a catheter and injected into your uterus by your doctor.
In cases of unexplained infertility, IUI adds a probability of about a 3% to 5% chance of success. If three IUI cycles are unsuccessful, your doctor will probably advise proceeding to IVF.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
IVF is one of the most effective infertility treatment choices and is effective in treating a variety of reproductive issues that can affect both men and women.
Your doctor may suggest several ancillary procedures to help increase your chances of success with IVF, depending on the cause of your infertility and how you responded to prior treatments.
The following are some of the most typical ancillary procedures:
Donor sperm or eggs
If one spouse does not have viable gametes, IVF may be performed using donor eggs or sperm.
If necessary, instead of collecting mature eggs, the doctor can take immature egg follicles and try to mature them in the lab.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
Embryos can be examined for specific genetic defects and diseases before being chosen for transfer, lowering the chance of genetic disease and miscarriage.
Although IVF is one of the most effective infertility treatments, it is not always successful, and even for couples who appear to be excellent candidates for the process on paper, there is no assurance of success.
Some of the elements that have the greatest impact on success are:
- Doctor’s expertise
- Woman’s age
- Various obstacles to fertility
- An ongoing miscarriage history
Several different surgical techniques can be performed to examine reproductive issues and support reproduction.
- You could require surgery to have your fallopian tubes repaired if they are scarred or clogged. Your fallopian tubes’ scar tissue can be removed surgically to make it simpler for eggs to travel through.
- Endometriosis is the condition in which some of the womb lining begins to protrude outside the womb. Laparoscopic surgery is frequently performed to remove submucosal fibroids, which are tiny growths in the womb, and destroy or remove cysts, which are fluid-filled sacs.
- A coil-like structure in the testicles called the epididymis aids in sperm storage and transportation. In some cases, the epididymis is blocked, which prevents sperm from being ejaculated regularly. The obstruction can be removed surgically.
Though these options have given various couples a ray of hope. However, in some cases, even these methods fail.
For such couples switching to surrogacy or adoption is the only way of completing their family. You and your doctor should decide on the option for fertility treatment.